How to Use Interjections? | English Grammar

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Introduction: Description & Examples

Interjections are words or phrases that express strong emotions, reactions, or sudden bursts of feelings. They are used to convey emotions such as surprise, joy, frustration, excitement, or pain. Interjections are typically standalone words or phrases that are not grammatically connected to the rest of the sentence. They often appear at the beginning or the end of a sentence, and they can add emphasis or convey the speaker’s attitude or state of mind.

Emotion and Expression: Interjections are primarily used to express emotions and convey the speaker’s state of mind. They can indicate surprise (e.g., “Wow!”), joy (e.g., “Yay!”), pain (e.g., “Ouch!”), or frustration (e.g., “Argh!”). They provide a way for speakers to communicate their immediate reactions to situations.
Example: “Oh no! I forgot my keys again.”

Exclamations: Interjections are often used to create exclamatory sentences, which express strong emotions or reactions. Exclamatory sentences are punctuated with an exclamation mark to indicate heightened emotion.
Example: “Hurray! We won the game!”

Fillers and Discourse Markers: Interjections can serve as fillers or discourse markers in conversations. They can be used to signal a pause or hesitation, express uncertainty, or buy time to gather thoughts.
Example: “Um, well, I’m not sure if I can come to the party.”

Greetings and Farewells: Interjections are commonly used in greetings and farewells to convey warmth, enthusiasm, or politeness.
Example: “Hi! How are you doing?”

Attention-Grabbers: Interjections are useful for getting someone’s attention or signaling urgency.
Example: “Hey! Look out for that car!”

Interjections of Agreement and Disagreement: Interjections can also express agreement or disagreement, showing the speaker’s opinion or stance on a particular matter.
Example: “Yes, I agree with you entirely.” / “No, I don’t think that’s a good idea.”

Onomatopoeic Interjections: Some interjections are onomatopoeic, meaning they imitate sounds. These interjections are used to describe sounds or actions.
Example: “Boom! The thunder shook the entire house.”

Interjections in Writing: In written language, interjections are often enclosed in exclamation marks, commas, or parentheses to set them apart from the rest of the sentence.
Example: “Oh, I can’t believe I won!”

Variations and Intensity: Interjections can have variations or intensifiers to convey different degrees of emotion. For example, “Wow” can be intensified as “Wow!” or “Wow!”
Example: “Ouch! That really hurt!”

Context and Tone: The meaning and impact of interjections heavily rely on context and the speaker’s tone of voice. The same interjection can have different interpretations depending on the situation.
Example: “Oh, that’s fantastic!” (expressing genuine excitement)
“Oh, that’s fantastic.” (expressing sarcasm or disbelief)

In summary, interjections are expressive words or phrases used to convey emotions, reactions, or sudden bursts of feelings. They add depth and emotion to conversations and writing, allowing speakers to express their immediate responses and capture the attention of the listener. Understanding interjections helps in grasping the nuances of communication and the speaker’s emotional state.

Related Link: “The 8 PARTS OF SPEECH | English Grammar |”.


Instructions: Identify the interjection in each sentence and write it down.

  1. Wow, that fireworks display was incredible!
  2. Ouch! I stubbed my toe on the table.
  3. Hooray! We won the championship!
  4. Well, I guess we’ll have to try again.
  5. Oops, I spilled my coffee all over the floor.
  6. Oh no, I forgot my homework at home!
  7. Yikes! That spider is huge!
  8. Ah, this warm cup of tea is so soothing.
  9. Eww, that food smells terrible.
  10. Hmm, I wonder what the answer to this question is.
  11. Phew, I finally finished my work for the day.
  12. Alas, the train has already left the station.
  13. Oh dear, I think I made a mistake on this report.
  14. Yippee! It’s my birthday today!
  15. Goodness, it’s freezing cold outside!
  16. Ugh, I can’t believe I missed the bus again.
  17. Well, well, look who decided to show up.
  18. Aha, I knew I had seen that movie before.
  19. Ooh, that dress is absolutely stunning!
  20. Haha, that joke was really funny.


  1. Wow
  2. Ouch
  3. Hooray
  4. Well
  5. Oops
  6. Oh no
  7. Yikes
  8. Ah
  9. Eww
  10. Hm
  11. Phew
  12. Alas
  13. Oh dear
  14. Yippee
  15. Goodness
  16. Ugh
  17. Well
  18. Aha
  19. Ooh
  20. Haha
    Great job! Interjections are used to express strong emotions and reactions, and they add emphasis and depth to our language. By recognizing interjections in sentences, we can better understand the speaker’s emotions and intentions

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